Bhani was daughter of Guru Amar Das, consort of
Guru Ram Das and mother of Guru Arjan Dev, was born to Mata
Mansa Devi on 21 Magh 1591 Bk/19 January 1535 at Basarke
Gillan, a village near Amritsar. She was married on 18
February 1554 to Bhai Jetha (later Guru Ram Das), a Sodhi
Khatri belonging to Lahore, then in Goindval rendering
voluntary service in the construction of the Baoli Sahib.
After marriage, the couple remained in Goindval
serving the Guru. From Goindval Bhai Jetha was deputed
by the Guru to go and establish a habitation
(present-day Amritsar) on a piece of land gifted,
according to one version, by Emperor Akbar
to Bibi Bhani at the time of his visit to Guru Amar Das.
sons, Prith Chand (1558), Mahadev
(1560) and (Guru) Arjan Dev (1563) were born to her.
A popular anecdote mentioned in old chronicles describes
how devotedly Bibi Bhani served her father. One morning,
it is said, as Guru Amar Das was absorbed in meditation,
Bibi Bhani noticed that one of the legs of the low
wooden seat on which the Guru sat was about to give
way. she at once put forward her hand to support
the stool. As the Guru ended his devotions, he
discovered how her hand was bleeding from the
injury it had sustained. He blessed her saying
that her progeny would inherit the guruship. Bibi Bhani
died at Goindval on 9 April 1598.
Bhani was mother of Guru Arjan Dev, the Fifth Guru. Undoubtly Guru
Arjan Dev was brought up as model GurSikh. Guru Arjan Dev was the
first Sikh Martyr. Guru Arjan Dev compiled Adi Granth by collecting
all the writings of gurus before him and installed it at Golden Temple,
which is now The Guru Granth. Guru Arjan Dev completed the construction
of Golden Temple.
- Copyright © Harbans Singh "The encyclopedia of Sikhism. Vol III." pages 1 - 4
- Bhalla, Sarup Das, Mahima Prakash. Patiala, 1971
- Chhibbar, Kesar Singh, Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahiali Ka. Chandigarh, 1972
- Gian Singh, Giani, Twarikh Curu Khalsa. Patiala, 1970