Sikh Gurus

Guru Granth Sahib ji (1708 - Present (and future))

Guru Granth Sahib ji

Guru Granth Sahib is a Granth (book) originally compiled by Fifth Guru and named as Adi Granth, and later recompiled by all the gurus that followed him. Guru Granth Sahib was appointed as the Eleventh Guru by Tenth Guru Guru Gobind Singh ji. It is the ultimate teacher of the sikhs. Sikh means disciple and Guru means teacher.

According to Guru Gobind Singh's poet Sainapat, Bhai Nand Lal and Dhadi Nath Mal, all of who were present at Nander, a day before the Guru's demise, the sikhs enquired as to whom he was entrusting his Khalsa. Bhai Nand Lal in Rahitnama says the Guru replied he has three forms. The first was nirgun or invisible, the second was his word and the third was sagun or the visible. After his physical death his soul would be invisible. His second form would be Adi Granth (not Dasam Granth), "Dusar Rup Granthji jan, Mera rup Granthji jan. Is men bhed nahin kuchh man." The third sagun, or visible rup was the Khalsa. He added that he had bestowed his physical form upon his khalsa. The Guru accompanied by Khalsa went to the place where Adi Granth had been installed. He opened the holy book, placed five paise and a coconut before it, bowed before it, then went round the sacred scripture five times, bowed every time, and declared it as the Guru for all times to come. Upto this time the holy book was called Pothi Sahib. Gobind Singh named it Granth consisting of two words, Gur and Ant meaning eternal Guru. He asserted: " In future whoever wishes to seek englightenment, guidance and solace, let him read the holy granth. This is your Guru for ever and ever till eternity. " The Guru said that he was entrusting the Khalsa to the care of AkalPurukh (God). He affirmed

	Dusara rup Granth ji jan
	Un ke ang mero kar man
	Jo sikh gur darshan ki chah
	Darshan karo granth ji ah.
	Jo mam sath chaho kar bat
	Granth ji parhe bichare sath.
	jo muj bachan sunan ki chai
	Granth ji parhe sune chit lae
	mero rup Granth ji jan
	Is men bhed nahin kuchh man
To download punjabi fonts so that you can read the following paragraaph (and many other poems, stories, gurbani in this site) CLICK HERE

dUsrA r<p gq*W jI jAn
un cE a*g mEr~ cr mAn
j~ is&k gUr drSn cI CAh
drSn cr~ gq*W jI aAh
j~ mn sAW CAh~ cr bAV
gq*W jI pRE sUNE iC&V lAh
m~r~ r<p gq*W jI jAn
ies m>: BED nhI: cUx mAN
[The Granth is second myself (Guru Granth, not Dasam Granth which was compiled later by Bhai Mani singh), It should be taken for me. A Sikh who wants to see me, should have a look at the Granth. One who wishes to talk to me, should read the Granth and think over it. One who is anxious to listen to my talk, he should read the Granth and listen to its recitation with attention. Consider the Granth as my ownself. Have not the least doubt about it.]

Guru Gobind singh's last sermon (now it is part of daily routine of Sikhs, after Ardaas).

	aagya bhai Akal ki Tabhi chalayo Panth,
	Sab Sikhan ko hukum hai Guru Manyo Granth.
	Guru Granth ji manyo pargat Guran ki deh.
	jo, prabh ko milna chahe khoj shabad men le.
aAigaA BeI acAl cI VbI ClAy~ p*W
s&b is&kN c~ hUcm h> gUr< mAny~ gq*W
gUr< gq*W jI mAny~ prgt gUrA: cI dEh
j~ pqB c~ imlNE CAhE k~j Sbd mE: lE
[Under orders of the Immortal being the Panth was started. All the Sikhs are enjoined to accept the Granth as their Guru. Consider Guru Granth as representing Guru's body. Those who wish to meet God can find the way in its hymns.]

Thus Eleventh Guru Granth Sahib ji were born. Guru Granth has 1430 pages of text in poetry form. The Guru Granth is full of devotion, meditation, grace of Guru and God. It includes hymns of more then 20 Hindu and Muslim saints of India. It is the only holy book in world which was written by its founder of religion. Bible was not written by Christ, neither was Quran but Granth was written by all Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind. Guru Granth Sahib also contains the hymns of famous saints of their time (irrespective of caste, creed, religion,etc).

Guru Gobind Singh wrote his own Granth, which was called "Dasam Granth". Bhai Mani Singh compiled and included other work of Guru Gobind Singh in Dasam Granth. Here is the comparison of both granths. Guru Granth vs. Dasam Granth.

Adi Granth and Dasam Granth, a comparison: similarity.

1. Both the granths have almost the same number of 
   printed pages of the same size of the page and 
   similar type.  The Guru Granth has 1430 pages 
   and Dasam Granth 1428.

2. Both belive in one supreme being, a personal God,
   merciful and kind.

3. God is also all-pervading, unborn, formless, 

4. Both lay emphasis on meditation and repetition
   of the Name to achieve salvation.

5. Both believe in the law of karma and transmigration
   of soul.

6.  Both have faith in Sacha Khand.

7.  Both emphazie on the devotion to the Guru, who 
    is perfect man, but not God.

8.  Both rely on casteless and class less society,
    and equality between man and woman.

9.  Both are in poetry and in Gurmukhi script.

The difference between Guru Granth and Dasam Granth.

  1. The main difference between the two is that of objective. The Guru Granth aims at gaining peace of mind and complete renunciation. The Dasam Granth believes in a holy war (Dharma Yudh) against tyranny and fanaticism.
  2. God of Guru Granth is God of truth. God of Dasam Granth is God of justice, ready to strike at the tyrant, autocrat and the despot.
  3. The Guru Granth is full of devotion, meditation, grace of Guru and God. The Dasam granth depicts scenes of battles, arms and weapons and intrigues of men and women.
  4. Guru Nanak's Japji and Guru Gobind singh's Jap differ essentially. Japji believes in God's Hukum. There is no such thing in Gobind Singh's Jap.
  5. According to Loehlin, the Guru Granth may be compared to Temple and the Dasam Granth to a fortress. (Loehlin pages 57-59)


  1. Copyright © Harbans Singh "The encyclopedia of Sikhism. "