Great Sikh Warriors

Great Sikh Warriors of 1700 A.D - onwards

  • Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati das ji were both brothers and Sewadar of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, Ninth Guru. When Aurungzeb asked for Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Satidas and Bhai Dyaldas went along with Guru. In order to subdue Guru Tegh Bahadur to accept Islam, Qazi first ordered torture and execution of Bhai Mati Das ji, Bhai Sati Das ji and Bhai Dyal Das ji. Bhai Mati Das ji and Bhai Sati Das ji were martyred at Chandani Chowk, Delhi. Bhai Matidas ji attained martyrdom on 8 Nov 1675 A.D., and Bhai Satidas ji on 10th November 1675 A.D.

  • Bhai Dyaldas ji were also martyred at Chandani Chowk few days before Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. Bhai Dyaldas ji were put in a hot boiling couldron of water on Nov 9 1675 A.D.

  • Sahibzada Ajit Singh ji fought with mughals at the siege of Chamkaur and started a new chapter of martyrdom and sacrifice in Sikh history at the age of 17. Displaying the same courage as his grandfather Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, and his father Guru Gobind Singh ji, Sahibzada Ajit Singh attained martyrdom fighting with Mughals at Chamkaur on 7th December 1705 A.D.

  • Sardar Banda Singh ji Bahadur was in Punjab fighting from 1708 A.D. -- 1716 A.D. He was appointed by Guru Gobind Singh himself to lead the Punjabis against Mughal tyranny. Banda in few years totally destroyed the Mughal rule in Punjab. He also eradicated the Zamindara system of Punjab and give lands back to its poor farmers.

  • Many Sikh warriors fought Mughals , their sole job was to loot the state treasury and to protect people being oppressed by Zakriya Khan, Governor of Lahore. Numerous Warriors were executed by Zakriya Khan. Zakriya Khan was governor of Lahore from 1725 A.D to 1745 A.D.

  • Bhai Mani Singh ji were head priest of Golden Temple appointed by Mata Sundari ji (wife of Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru). Zakriya Khan and Lakhpat Rai martyred Bhai Mani Singh ji at Lahore by cutting joint by joint of his body on 14th June 1738 A.D. .

  • Nawab Kapur Singh ji Singhpuria Led Dal Khalsa from 1721 A.D. - 1748 A.D. kept the flame alive after Banda Singh Bahadur and fought Guerilla warfare with Mughals and Afghani invaders, he was responsible for leading Khalsa in tough times. A great personality indeed.

  • Bhai Haqiqat Rai was a 11 years old Sikh whose choice was death but not Islam. He attained martyrdom in January 1735 A.D.

  • Baba Deep Singh ji Shaheed lived from 1682 A.D. to 1757 A.D. Baba Deep Singh ji were appointed a jathedar of Takht Sri Damdama Sahib by Guru Gobind Singh ji. When Afghanis occupied Golden Temple,to fulfill the promise given to the congregation that he will celebrate Diwali at Golden Temple, he fought Afghanis till the end and attained martyrdom in the Golden Temple.

  • Bhai Garjha Singh ji and Bhai Bota Singh ji defied the Mughal authority by setting up a Khalsa toll both on a bridge in 1739 A.D. Mughals had put price on the heads of Sikhs that was 10 rupees for alive Sikh, 50 rupees for the head of a dead Sikh.

  • Bhai Gurbax Singh ji following the glorious tradition of his mentor Baba Dip Singh ji were martyred by Abdali at Golden Temple in 1764 A.D.

  • Bhai Tara Singh 'Wan' was a very famous Sikh warrior. Banda Bahadur had abolished Zamindara or feudal ownership of land in Punjab, but many feudal land lords were still carrying on with their old ways. His band of desperados specialized in looting feudal landlords and Mughal treasurey. His group saved hundreds of poor girls from clutches of landlords. Bhai Tara Singh 'Wan' and his Jatha of 52 Singhs attained martyrdom on 30 March 1726 A.D.

  • Defenders of Amritsar were those Sikhs who picked up martyrdom while protecting Golden Temple from foreign onslaught. Be it Bhai Gurbax Singh or Sant Bhindrenwale, martyrdom while defending Golden Temple is part of a long history of Sikhs. Sikhs take it as a favour by waheguru to die while protecting Golden Temple. Normally at these trying times, a Gurmatta will be passed by Akal takht asking for five Sikhs to protect Golden Temple, while rest of the Sikhs will carry all the important historical documents, like Guru Granth Sahib, etc to safe place as well as their women and children., to come back and fight the foreigners who occupied Amritsar many times.

  • Sardar Jassa Singh ji Ramgarhia fought with mughals and Afghanis. He was a very important part of Dal Khalsa and helped Kapur Singh and Jassa Singh Ahluwalia to keep up the Khalsa spirit. He created Ramgarhia misl in Punjab and ruled around Batala, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar from 1740's until 1780's.

  • Bhai Subeg Singh Shahbaz Singh were both father and son who picked death but not to let go their faith. Both father and son attained martyrdom on 10 March 1746 A.D.

  • The Lesser Holocaust, Chhota Ghalughara happened when Lakhpat Rai hunted and killed 7,000 Sikhs in 2 months around 1746 A.D.

  • Barbarity of Meer Mannu was such that he killed numerous Sikh infants and their mothers just to destroy the Sikh religion. He was appointed a New governor of Lahore and Multan in 1748 A.D. by the Mughal administration but he paid tribute to Afghanis.

  • Bhai Taru Singh ji were a simple, humble sikh. When asked by a Governor of Punjab to cut his hair, he allowed his barber to cut his scalp but not his hair. Bhai Taru Singh ji attained martyrdom on 1st July 1745 A.D.

  • Sardar Jassa Singh ji Ahluwalia Led Dal Khalsa from 1748 A.D. - 1795 A.D., after Kapur Singh ji. He fought Afghanis, Mughals, and local Indians to keep the Khalsa in high spirits.

  • Bhai Mahtab singh ji along with Bhai Sukha Singh ji avenged the desecration of Golden Temple in 1745 A.D by killing Massa Ranghar who had made Golden Temple his palace.

  • The greater holocaust when 30,000 Sikhs died fighting Ahmad Shah Abdali forces at Kup near Malerkotla in year 22nd february 1762 A.D.

  • The Sikh misls ruled Punjab approximately 1745 A.D. - 1805 A.D.

  • Sardar Baghel Singh Dhaliwal was leader of Karora Singhia Misl, ruling area between Delhi and Hoshiarpur. He subdued Mughal king, Shah Alam II and got constructed seven historical Gurdwaras in Delhi. Then he left 30,000 of his forces behind in Delhi to protect these Gurdwaras on 11 March 1783 A.D, that place is still called Tees Hazari.

  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh ji Shukarchakia won Lahore on July 7th 1799 A.D. and was declared Maharaja of Punjab on 13th April 1801 A.D.

    Akali Phula Singh ji was a dashing soldier of Khalsa who served Sarkar Khalsa with all of his gritty will. He fell fighting the historic battle of Naushera, but not before enemy was routed.

  • Sardar Hari Singh ji Nalua rendered glorious services towards extending the limits of Kingdom of Khalsa from 1811 A.D - 1837 A.D.

  • The Sikh kingdom was lost due to intrigues and counter intrigues of Dogra, who for a small piece of land called Kashmir lost their Punjabi honour. Dogra generals of Khalsa army conspired against their own army in collabaration with British and destroyed the Khalsa empire assembled by Ranjit Singh.

  • Sardar Sham Singh Attariwala Was a gritty Khalsa soldier who could not see Khalsa forces losing battle against British. He vowed to not to come back home until he wins the battle or dies. He fulfilled his vow.

  • Sardar Baba Ram Singh Namdhari was a social warrior as well as a militant warrior. He was a Khalsa soldier in Ranjit Singh's army. He established a Sikh sect of Namdharis. His people were called "Kookas" or Namdharis, very fierce soldiers and saints. Total vegetarians but they fought British all over Punjab and several thousands of Namdhari Sikhs were massacred by British. Baba Ram Singh Namdhari was exiled to Burma for treason against State by British. He was merely trying to win back the Khalsa state of Ranjit Singh through peace or militancy.

  • Great Sikh Social Warriors were those singhs who reformed the Gurdwaras by establishing a democratic committee called Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee after taking over the control of gurdwara from Mahants who were using the historical Sikh gurdwaras as their personal property.
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