Click Section Menu at left, then click on the individual sections to view article headings, click on the article heading to read it in the window on right. If you do not see the Section Menu then browse non java version.
Pahila maran kabool Jeevan kee chhadd aasi,
Hoh sabhna kee ren(u)ka Tau aau hamaare paas
First, accept death, and give up any hope of life.
Become the dust of the feet of all, and then, you may come to me.
by Guru Arjan Dev ji - Fifth Patshahi
Nadir Shah was a persian farmer who wanted to avenge the persecution of his countrymen by defeating Afghanis. Since Afghanis were ruling much of Punjab, Afghanistan and Iran, he first led a revolt against Afghanis to free his country(Iran). Then he overran the other areas of Afghanis like Punjab, and much of North West India and current day Pakistan. Sikhs in 1750's were not more then 100,000 in population but Sikhs resisted each and every battle they faced. Eventhough Nadir Shah never fought Sikhs in direct engagement but his objective of subduing the Mughal government was fulfilled. After defeating Mughals he was returning to his native country of Iran with thousands of captives (slaves), and looted gold and other valuables. When he reached Punjab, Sikhs harassed his baggage train and snatched back much of looted valuables. Nadir Shah's forces were no match for bands of 25-50 Sikhs who would gallop on their horses attack, save some slaves and then retreat. This form of Sikh attack was called Dhai Put. In one instance, Nadir Shah ordered to follow Sikhs for as long as it take, So Sikhs attacked, Nadir Shah forces pursued them then suddenly Sikhs turned back and fought head on while sorrounding them to mercilessly kill all the pursuers. Thus Sikhs who were very small in numbers, won the small skirmishes and battles due to their superior tactics and noble cause. The dreaded Persian was astonished at the daring exhibited by the Sikhs.
He called a halt at Lahore. He questioned Zakariya Khan, Governor of Lahore, about them. 'Whence,' demanded the imperious Nadir, 'come those long haired barbarians who dare to molest me ? Who are these mischief-makers ?' Zakariya Khan replied, 'They are a group of fakirs who visit their Guru's tank twice a year, and, after bathing in it, disappear.' 'Where do they live ? Destroy them and their homes, or they will destroy you.' 'Their homes are the saddles on their horses,' was the reply. 'Take care,' said Nadir, 'the day is not distant when these rebels will take possession of your country.' Said Nadir Shah.